Publications and contributors

Many people have contributed to our work on lameness in sheep. They are listed as authors in the publications below.

Scientific papers

Witt, Jessica D. and Green, Laura E. (2018) Development and assessment of management practices in a flock-specific lameness control plan : a stepped-wedge trial on 44 English sheep flocks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 157 . pp. 125-133. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2018.06.013

Winter, Joanne R. and Green, Laura E. (2018) Quantifying the beliefs of key players in the UK sheep industry on the efficacy of two treatments for footrot. The Veterinary Journal, 239 . pp. 15-20. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.07.009

Green, Laura E. and Clifton, Rachel (2018) Diagnosing and managing footrot in sheep : an update. In Practice, 40 (1). pp. 17-26. doi:10.1136/inp.j4575

Grant, Claire, Kaler, Jasmeet, Ferguson, Eamonn, O’Kane, Holly and Green, Laura E. (2018) A comparison of the efficacy of three intervention trial types : postal, group, and one-to-one facilitation, prior management and the impact of message framing and repeat messages on the flock prevalence of lameness in sheep. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 149 . pp. 82-91. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2017.11.013

Clifton, Rachel, Green, Laura E. and Purdy, Kevin J. (2018) Development and validation of a multiple locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) scheme for Fusobacterium necrophorum. Veterinary Microbiology, 213 . pp. 108-113. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.11.017

Atia, Jolene, Monaghan, E. M. (Emma M.), Kaler, Jasmeet, Purdy, Kevin J., Green, Laura E. and Keeling, Matthew James(2017) Mathematical modeling of ovine footrot in the UK : the effect of Dichelobacter nodosus and Fusobacterium necrophorum on the disease dynamics. Epidemics, 21 . pp. 13-20. doi:10.1016/j.epidem.2017.04.001

Smith, Edward M., Gilbert, Andrew, Russell, Claire L., Purdy, Kevin J., Medley, Graham, Muzafar, Mohd, Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary and Green, Laura E. (2017) Within-flock population dynamics of Dichelobacter nodosus. Frontiers In Veterinary Science, 4 (58).

O’Kane, Holly, Ferguson, Eamonn, Kaler, Jasmeet and Green, Laura E. (2017) Associations between sheep farmer attitudes, beliefs, emotions and personality, and their barriers to uptake of best practice : the example of footrot.Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 139 (Part B). pp. 123-133. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.05.009

Winter, Joanne R. and Green, Laura E. (2017) Cost-benefit analysis of management practices for ewes lame with footrot. The Veterinary Journal, 220 . pp. 1-6. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2016.11.010

Dickins, Alan, Clark, Corinna C. A., Kaler, Jasmeet, Ferguson, Eamonn, O’Kane, Holly and Green, Laura E. (2016)Factors associated with the presence and prevalence of contagious ovine digital dermatitis : a 2013 study of 1136 random English sheep flocks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 130 . pp. 86-93. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.06.009

Muzafar, Mohd, Green, Laura E., Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Tichauer, Esther, King, Hayley C., James, Philip and Wellington, E. M. H. (2015) Survival of the ovine footrot pathogen Dichelobacter nodosus in different soils. Anaerobe, 38 . pp. 81-87.doi:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2015.12.010

Winter, Joanne R., Kaler, Jasmeet, Ferguson, Eamonn, KilBride, Amy L. and Green, Laura E. (2015) Changes in prevalence of, and risk factors for, lameness in random samples of English sheep flocks : 2004–2013. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 122 (1-2). pp. 121-128. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2015.09.014

Muzafar, Mohd, Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Green, Laura E., Smith, Edward M., Russell, Claire L., Grogono-Thomas, Rosemaryand Wellington, E. M. H. (2015) The role of the environment in transmission of Dichelobacter nodosus between ewes and their lambs. Veterinary Microbiology, 179 (1-2). pp. 53-59. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.04.010

Witcomb, Luci, Green, Laura E., Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Russell, Claire, Smith, Edward M., Grogono-Thomas, Rose and Wellington, E. M. H. (2015) First study of pathogen load and localisation of ovine footrot using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH). Veterinary Microbiology, Volume 176 (Number 3–4). pp. 321-327.doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.01.022

Davenport, Rebecca, Heawood, Christopher, Sessford, Kate, Baker, Melissa, Baiker, Kerstin, Blacklaws, Barbara, Kaler, Jasmeet, Green, Laura E. and Tötemeyer, Sabine (2014) Differential expression of Toll-like receptors and inflammatory cytokines in ovine interdigital dermatitis and footrot. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Volume 161 (Number 1–2). pp. 90-98. doi:10.1016/j.vetimm.2014.07.007

Smith, Edward M., Green, Olivia, Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Witcomb, Luci, Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary, Russell, Claire L., Brown, J. C., Medley, Graham, Kilbride, A. L., Wellington, E. M. H. and Green, Laura E. (2014) Dynamics and impact of footrot and climate on hoof horn length in 50 ewes from one farm over a period of 10 months. The Veterinary Journal, Volume 201 (Number 3). pp. 295-301. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2014.05.021

Witcomb, Luci, Green, Laura E., Kaler, Jasmeet, Ul-Hassan, Atiya, Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Medley, Graham, Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary and Wellington, E. M. H. (2014) A longitudinal study of the role of Dichelobacter nodosus and Fusobacterium necrophorum load in initiation and severity of footrot in sheep. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 115 (Number 1-2). pp. 48-55. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.03.004

Russell, Claire L., Smith, Edward M., Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Green, Laura E., Wellington, E. M. H., Medley, Graham, Moore, Lynda J. and Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary (2014) Multiple locus VNTR analysis highlights that geographical clustering and distribution of Dichelobacter nodosus, the causal agent of footrot in sheep, correlates with inter-country movements. Infection, Genetics and Evolution , Volume 22 (Number 1). pp. 273-279.doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2013.05.026

Russell, V. N. L., Green, Laura E., Bishop, S. C. and Medley, Graham (2013) The interaction of host genetics and disease processes in chronic livestock disease : a simulation model of ovine footrot. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 108 (Number 4). pp. 294-303. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.11.006

Smith, Edward M., Hoffman, Joseph I., Green, Laura E. and Amos, William (2012) Preliminary association of microsatellite heterozygosity with footrot in domestic sheep. Livestock Science, Vol.143 (No.2). pp. 293-299.doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2011.10.009

Green, Laura E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, Elisabeth M. and Grogono Thomas, R. (2012) Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep. Animal Welfare, 21 (Supplement 1). pp. 65-71. doi:10.7120/096272812X13345905673728

Foddai, Alessandro, Green, Laura E., Mason, Sam A. and Kaler, Jasmeet (2012) Evaluating observer agreement of scoring systems for foot integrity and footrot lesions in sheep. BMC Veterinary Research, Volume 8 (Number 1). Article number 65. doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-65

Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Oakley, Brian B., Dowd, Scot E., Green, Laura E., Medley, Graham, Ul-Hassan, Atiya, Bateman, Vicky, Gaze, William H., Witcomb, Luci, Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary, Kaler, Jasmeet, Russell, Claire L. and Wellington, E. M. H. (2011) Ovine pedomics : the first study of the ovine foot 16S rRNA-based microbiome. ISME Journal, Vol.5 (No.9). pp. 1426-1437. doi:10.1038/ismej.2011.25

King, Elisabeth M. and Green, Laura E. (2011) Assessment of farmer recognition and reporting of lameness in adults in 35 lowland sheep flocks in England. Animal Welfare, Vol.20 (No.3). pp. 321-328.

Kaler, Jasmeet, George, T. R. N. and Green, Laura E. (2011) Why are sheep lame? Temporal associations between severity of foot lesions and severity of lameness in 60 sheep. Animal Welfare, Vol.20 (No.3). pp. 433-438.

Kaler, Jasmeet, Medley, Graham, Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary, Wellington, E. M. H., Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Wassink, Geert J., King, Elisabeth M., Moore, L. J., Russell, Claire L. and Green, Laura E. (2010) Factors associated with changes of state of foot conformation and lameness in a flock of sheep. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol.97 (No.3/4). pp. 237-244. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.09.019

Wassink, Geert J., George, Tristan R. N., Kaler, Jasmeet and Green, Laura E. (2010) Footrot and interdigital dermatitis in sheep: Farmer satisfaction with current management, their ideal management and sources used to adopt new strategies. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol.96 (No.1-2). pp. 65-73. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.06.002

Wassink, Geert J., King, Elisabeth M., Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary, Brown, J. C., Moore, Lynda J. and Green, Laura E.(2010) A within farm clinical trial to compare two treatments (parenteral antibacterials and hoof trimming) for sheep lame with footrot. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol.96 (No.1-2). pp. 93-103. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.05.006

Calvo-Bado, Leo A., Green, Laura E., Medley, Graham, Ul-Hassan, Atiya, Buller, Nicky B., Kaler, Jasmeet, Russell, Claire L., Kennan, Ruth M., Rood, Julian I., Wellington, E. M. H. and Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary (2010) Detection and diversity of a putative novel heterogeneous polymorphic proline-glycine repeat (Pgr) protein in the footrot pathogen Dichelobacter nodosus. Veterinary Microbiology, Vol.147 (No.3-4). pp. 358-366. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2010.06.024

Kaler, Jasmeet, Daniels, S. L. S., Wright, Jordan L. and Green, Laura E. (2010) Randomized clinical trial of long-acting oxytetracycline, foot trimming, and flunixine meglumine on time to recovery in sheep with footrot. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Vol.24 (No.2). pp. 420-425. doi:10.1111/j.1939-1676.2009.0450.x

Kaler, Jasmeet and Green, Laura E. (2009) Farmers’ practices and factors associated with the prevalence of all lameness and lameness attributed to interdigital dermatitis and footrot in sheep flocks in England in 2004. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol.92 (No.1-2). pp. 52-59. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.08.001

Kaler, Jasmeet and Green, Laura E. (2008) Recognition of lameness and decisions to catch for inspection among sheep farmers and specialists in GB. BMC Veterinary Research, Vol.4 (No.41). doi:10.1186/1746-6148-4-41

Kaler, Jasmeet, Wassink, Geert J. and Green, Laura E. (2008) The inter- and intra-observer reliability of a locomotion scoring scale for sheep. Veterinary Journal, Vol.180 (No.2). pp. 189-194. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.12.028

Green, Laura E. and George, T. R. N. (2008) Assessment of current knowledge of footrot in sheep with particular reference to Dichelobacter nodosus and implications for elimination or control strategies for sheep in Great Britain. The Veterinary Journal, Vol.175 (No.2). pp. 173-180. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.01.014

Kaler, Jasmeet and Green, Laura E. (2008) Naming and recognition of six foot lesions of sheep using written and pictorial information: a study of 809 English sheep farmers. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol.83 (No.1). pp. 52-64.doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.06.003

Green, Laura E., Wassink, G. J., Grogono-Thomas, Rosemary, Moore, Lynda J. and Medley, Graham (2007) Looking after the individual to reduce disease in the flock : a binomial mixed effects model investigating the impact of individual sheep management of footrot and interdigital dermatitis in a prospective longitudinal study on one farm.Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol.78 (No.2). pp. 172-178. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2006.09.005

L.J. Moore, G.J. Wassink, L.E. Green, R. Grogono-Thomas (2005) The detection and characterisation of Dichelobacter nodosus from cases of ovine footrot in England and Wales. Veterinary Microbiology 108: 57-67. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2005.01.029

G.J. Wassink, L.J. Moore, R. Grogono-Thomas, L.E. Green (2005) Footrot and interdigital dermatitis in sheep: farmers’ practices, opinions and attitudes. Veterinary Record, 157: 761-766. doi:10.1136/vr.157.24.761

G.J. Wassink, L.J. Moore, R. Grogono-Thomas, L.E. Green (2004) Risk factors associated with the prevalence of interdigital dermatitis (scald, strip) in sheep from 1999 to 2000. Veterinary Record, 154: 551-555. doi:10.1136/vr.154.18.551

G.J. Wassink, L.J. Moore, R. Grogono-Thomas, L.E. Green (2003) Exploratory findings on the prevalence of contagious ovine digital dermatitis in sheep in England and Wales during 1999 to 2000. Veterinary Record 152: 504-506. doi: 10.1136/vr.152.16.504

G.J. Wassink, L.J. Moore, R. Grogono-Thomas, L.E. Green (2003) Risk factors associated with the prevalence of footrot in sheep from 1999 – 2000. Veterinary Record 152: 351-358. doi:10.1136/vr.152.12.351

G.J. Wassink, L.E. Green (2001) Farmers’ practices and attitudes towards footrot in sheep. Veterinary Record 149: 489-490. doi:10.1136/vr.149.16.489

Other Papers and Presentations

Study of ovine lameness
R. Grogono-Thomas, A. Johnston
MAFF Final Report, MAFF open contract 0C5945K. London: DEFRA, Publication. 1997

Foot-rot: ‘Catch ’em quick & cull repeat offenders’
Interview during SHEEP 2002 by Marianne Curtis in Farmers Weekly, 9 August 2002.

Foot Rot and Interdigital Dermatitis in Sheep: A questionnaire into farmers’ practices and attitudes
Geert Wassink, Rose Grogono-Thomas, Lynda Moore and Laura Green
Paper presented at the Sheep Veterinary Society meeting in Malvern, May 2002.

Management of footrot
Geert Wassink, Laura Green, Rose Grogono-Thomas and Lynda Moore
Report on a DEFRA funded research project.
Sheep Farmer, page 22, May/June 2003 issue.